Keywords: PESCO | EU Security & Defence | Defence Cooperation | Military strategy.
In December 2017, 25 EU member states signed the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) on security and defence. Notwithstanding this political agreement, significant concerns have been raised about the stability and success of this multilateral mechanism, given the diversity of the PESCO states. Despite an agreement on the creation of EU Battle Groups in June 2004 and a declaration of their operational readiness by 2007, they have never been deployed, indicating an ongoing challenge for more structured forms of cooperation, beyond individual missions, each agreed on an on-off basis.
The objective of this research project is to explore the prospects for cooperation under PESCO, through a comparative analysis of key characteristics that assist or impede such structured cooperation. The objective of this research project is to explore the prospects for cooperation under PESCO, through a comparative analysis of key characteristics that assist or impede such structured cooperation.
This research project generates a middle-range theory of military transformation. Applying Pakistan as a case study and a mixed-methods design, it explains how NGO-military interaction can democratise security and defence governance and discusses the factors determining institutional change and transformation of the military. Particularly in countering hybrid conflicts and threats in countries affected by multiple insecurities, NGOs and armed forces are anticipated to work together towards cumulative efforts and achievements in maintaining security and stability.
The research findings have a series of implications for policy and research. Inter alia, they inform the European Union’s global security strategy about mechanisms promoting democratic security governance and societal resilience in fragile states affected by complex insecurities. Secondly, the results advance theories of civil-military cooperation and hybrid security.
PILOT-FIELD RESEARCH IN PAKISTAN. Funded by the ZEIT-Stiftung Hamburg – Conduction of preliminary interviews with leaders of civil society organisations operating in the conflict resolution sector, military staff and government officials for advancing the PhD research proposal [Islamabad, Lahore, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa] 05/2015-06/2015.
FIELD RESEARCH IN INDIA AND PAKISTAN. Funded by the Cluster of Excellence, University of Konstanz – Conduction of expert-interviews in the framework of the Master’s dissertation entitled ‘Azaadi-Alternatives in Kashmir’ [Islamabad, New Delhi, Muzaffarabad, Srinagar] 08/2011 - 09/2011.
Institute for International Conflict Resolution and Reconstruction (IICRR)
School of Law and Government
Dublin City University
Room C144, Henry Grattan Building
Dublin City University (DCU)
Ireland / Éire